Out now: New publication on “Taxi as a Part of Public Transport”


Taxis play an important role in almost every city in the world. However, this role varies from city to city – “taxi” does not refer to the same concept everywhere. Regulation of the taxi industry has a long history, but no universal regulatory solution has been discovered. Differing local market conditions create a wide set of challenges for authorities seeking to regulate the industry. Nevertheless, some recurring patterns allow us to derive some general orientation.

The new SUTP Technical Document #16 “Taxis as a Part of Public Transport” discusses the merits of different regulatory systems for the taxi industry and provides a guide for evaluating different forms of taxi regulation and assesses which system is most suited to particular cities in question. It identifies six key recommendations, such as:

1) Tailor Regulation to Local Needs

2) Ensure Some Form of Quality Control

3) Consider Quantity Control

4) Regulate Fares with Careful Consideration

5) Empower the Regulator.

6) Develop a Strategy for Regulatory Changes


They all can be seen as a guideline; individual adaption to local circumstances is nevertheless inevitable.

Interested to learn more about taxi regulation? Please refer to our new publication “Taxis as a Part of Public Transport” which can be downloaded here.

For updates on Capacity Building in Sustainable Urban Transport, please see www.capsut.org

For more information contact us at transport@giz.de


Transportation Strategy Workshop for Asian Cities Report


Following the Transportation Strategy Workshop for Asian Cities jointly organised with SHRDC in April this year, CityNet published a comprehensive report that elaborate the lectures and discussion conducted throughout the program. This report is expected to provide a brief insight on how to strategize urban transport for CityNet member cities, particularly those who didn’t get a chance to participate.

Download: PDF

Clean Air Asia’s Guidance Framework for Better Air Quality in Asian Cities

Clean Air Asia launcha


Clean Air Asia’s pioneering Guidance Framework for Better Air Quality in Asian Cities, launched in February, is empowering cities and countries to resolve the air pollution challenges that are so prevalent throughout the region. It provides roadmaps that facilitate the assessment of a city’s and/or country’s level of development in six areas and identifies the priority measures that need to be undertaken to address the key issues.


Clean Air Asia’s groundbreaking Guidance Framework for Better Air Quality in Asian Cities, launched in February, provides cities with the knowledge and direction needed to effectively reduce air pollution.

The Guidance Framework is recognized as a pioneering approach that empowers local and national-level authorities to resolve the air pollution challenges that are so prevalent throughout the region. The voluntary and non-binding Guidance Framework – developed in consultation with environment ministries, experts and air quality management stakeholders – features six specific areas of guidance: ambient air quality standards and monitoring; emissions inventories and modeling; health and other impacts; air quality communication; clean air plans; and governance. It was developed as an outcome of the biennial Governmental Meetings on Urban Air Quality in Asia, co-organized by Clean Air Asia and United Nations Environment Programme Regional Office for Asia Pacific.

The Guidance Framework facilitates assessment of a city’s and/or country’s level of development in each of those six areas and identifies the priority measures that need to be undertaken to address the key issues. It is a living document that will evolve with the capacities and needs of its users.

The Guidance Framework also serves as a guide for cities and countries to achieve the Long-Term Vision for Urban Air Quality in Asia, the aim of which is: “By 2030 air quality in Asian cities has made significant progress towards achieving WHO air quality guideline values through the implementation of comprehensive air quality management strategies.” It also supports the realization of the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals, notably Goal 11: Make cities inclusive, safe, resilient, and sustainable; Goal 13: Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts; and Goal 3: Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages (Target: By 2030, substantially reduce the number of deaths and illnesses from hazardous chemicals and air, water and soil pollution and contamination).

Clean Air Asia is supporting countries and cities in implementing the Guidance Framework as part of its Integrated Programme for Better Air Quality in Asia Programme (IBAQ Programme) through a range of targeted interventions, including knowledge-sharing platforms to strengthen regional collaboration, capacity building activities such as trainings, study tours and city twinning, and technical assistance at both the national and subnational levels. A training course on the implementation of the Guidance Framework is also being finalized to support countries and cities in determining their air quality management capacity and in identifying the interventions needed to improve air quality in accordance with Guidance Framework roadmaps.



Results of the First International Forum on Urban Policy for the SDGs in Seoul

The first International Forum on Urban Policy for Sustainable Development Goals in Seoul was successfully held by CityNet, Seoul Metropolitan Government (SMG) and UNESCAP from June 8-10 and concluded with a pledge to further work on the implementation of the SDGs.

Under the principle that “no one shall be left behind – no city shall be left behind” the three institutions issued an outcome document that emphasises five main points to implement the SDGs, namely local government leadership for sustainable development, citizen participation, smart planning, multilevel partnership, and knowledge sharing among cities.

In addition to the outcome document, CityNet, SMG and UNESCAP continue their collaboration in establishing an online urban SDG knowledge sharing platform that will serve as an online hub for cities across the Asia Pacific region and beyond to share experiences and best practices in response to the SDGs. This platform is expected to be launched at Habitat III Conference in Quito in October this year.

With the support of SMG and UNESCAP, CityNet also launched a special edition of its bi-annual magazine, CityVoices that compiles innovative solutions to specific, city-level problems focusing on the Asian Perspectives of Sustainable Urbanization, inspired by the multi-dimensional urban challenges facing the Asia Pacific region that are different from the models and paradigms of cities across Europe and the United States. Twenty-four articles demonstrate that every challenge can potentially lead to locally customized solutions, which can then serve as useful case studies for other cities.

The pioneering forum that convened more than 300 urban stakeholders to discuss how to facilitate and support cities in achieving the SDGs, particularly Goal 11 was enriched with a series of in-depth thematic discussions alongside main plenaries. A wide range of urban practitioners from local governments across the Asia Pacific region and international institutions like UN Habitat, UNISDR, UNDP, the World Bank, and Centre for Liveable Cities, among others, shared their perspectives with the audience. The topic discussed included Sustainable Urban Infrastructure, Cities Exchange on Innovative Solutions for Sustainable Development, Social Economy, Implementation of the SDGs and Monitoring and Evaluation Systems, and many more.

The important role that cities play in the pursuit of sustainable development was acknowledged with the inclusion of a dedicated goal on cities (Goal 11) aiming to “make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable”. Cities will play a critical role in the implementation of the whole 2030 Agenda, as a great deal of the action required is to be taken at the local level.

This Forum will just be the beginning of the collaborative journey where opportunities for regional and international cooperation to support the follow-up of the Urban SDGs will be explored.

Seoul Communiqué on Urban Policy for the SDGs

Overview of the International Forum on Urban Policy for SDGs (Source: 4 Angles, Arirang TV)

The Peer Experience and Reflective Program (PEARL)

The Peer Experience and Reflective Learning (PEARL) network was launched by the Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India in January 2007 under JNNURM. The project aimed to create manageable networks for knowledge sharing and cross-learning among JNNURM cities and make them more liveable, economically vibrant and environmentally sustainable.

The Cities Alliance (CA) Knowledge Support for PEARL Program under JNNURM was initiated in 2010. This built on the Ministry of Urban Development initiative and contributed to making PEARL an effective learning and knowledge-sharing platform. Strategies adopted under the CA Knowledge Support facilitated horizontal learning, assessing knowledge needs in city networks, developing customised knowledge products through research and action projects. Moreover, the support helped to plug PEARL into other city/knowledge sharing networks (both national and international).
The key objective of the PEARL program is to enhance knowledge exchange and cross learning between cities.


Knowledge Network Support Unit
The Cities Alliance supported Knowledge Support for PEARL was initiated in the year 2010 to strengthen the horizontal learning network through strategic support in terms of accessing knowledge needs of cities, provide inputs in designing knowledge exchange initiatives in terms of concept notes, program briefs, etc, and finally, plugging PEARL to other national and international knowledge exchange networks to access their expertise in knowledge sharing and exchange.

Capacity Building
The PEARL program focuses on building capacities of the cities in the network through activities such as:
• Peer-to-peer learning
• Expert visits
• Exposure visits
• National and international workshops
• Group workshops
• e-Learning
• Training
• Internship

Knowledge Dissemination
Knowledge dissemination, a key PEARL objective is carried out through the creation of various knowledge products and solutions. Documentation of city-wise urban initiatives, national good practices, global good practices, film, research studies and bi-annual newsletters form a knowledge repository while participatory exercises like monthly dialogue series and a regularly updated web portal by a dedicated web development support unit, strengthen the network through sustained interaction.

Listed below are PEARL’s Good Practice documentations
Compendium of Global Good Practices on ICT in Urban Services
Compendium of Global Good Practices on Urban Sanitation
Compendium of Global Good Practices on Urban Solid Waste Management
Compendium of Global Good Practices on Urban Mobility
Compendium of Global Good Practices on Urban Water Supply
Compendium of National Good Practices on Urban Transportation in Indian Cities
Compendium of National Good Practices on Urban Water Supply and Sanitation in Indian Cities
Compendium of National Good Practices on Urban Solid Waste Management in Indian Cities
Compendium of National Good Practices on Urban Heritage in Indian Cities

Find out more about PEARL network here

SEOUL SOLUTION by Global Urban Partnership Division of SMG and the Seoul Institute


Seoul Solution

Seoul archive is managed by Global Urban Partnership Division of SMG and the Seoul Institute together. Seoul archive introduces urban development, provides global urban information and promotes public-private cooperation.


Visit Seoul Solution

What is Seoul Solution?


  • Seoul archive collects policies of Seoul Metropolitan Government that affects much on urban development and hopes to be a comprehensive archive for convenience of international organizations, corporations, and citizens.
  • Seoul archive stores global urban information and make it approachable for citizens, corporation, government and academics.
  • Seoul archive provides administrative supports to private corporation projects and information to overseas urban infrastructure developments.
  • Seoul archive expects cooperation from many private corporations which aim to overseas expansion.
  • Seoul archive will do the best to provide effective systems and qualified information for convenience of our users.


서울정책 아카이브 > 서울시 정보, 도시개발 노하우, 민관협력

Microsoft-CITYNET Appathon Uncovers Innovative Solutions for Kathmandu

The first CityApp Appathon organized jointly by Microsoft and CITYNET (The Regional Network of Local Authorities for the Management of Human Settlements) included 103 developers from across Nepal building web and mobile applications to solve Kathmandu’s biggest urban challenges.
“This is an amazing event and I want to thank CITYNET and Microsoft for organizing it. The apps that our citizens have created will go a long way in ensuring the socio-economic sustainability of our city. It is a great showcase of the power of technology and the role it can play in making cities better for people,” said Kathmandu CEO Mr. Laxman Aryal.

The Kathmandu Valley is one of the fastest urbanizing cities in Asia and with the increased population growth comes issues such as traffic congestion, pollution and insufficient waste management. CityApp Kathmandu saw a variety of apps being built to address a wide range of issues, including accurate demographic information, cultural and heritage preservation, urbanization, pedestrian information, as well as waste management.

“As a citizen of Kathmandu, I experience these issues every day and have witnessed first-hand how important and urgent it is to find solutions. The collaborative approach that the government is taking with CityApp has enabled me to put my programming skills to use for the betterment of the city, and I am thankful for the opportunity to do so,” said Yashasvi Raj Pant.

The first place winning app, a solution focusing on public safety called Safety Whistle, was submitted by Yashasvi and teammates Anish Ansari, Gopal Kandoi and Rumi Shakya, who made up Team Conscientious. In this app, users can enter two to three emergency contact numbers and two to three emergency email addresses. If ever the user is in a situation they feel threatened or require assistance, the user simply presses the panic button to activate the app, which will send an SMS or email to the designated contacts. Information will also be sent to the police noting the location of the emergency.

Other winning apps include a patient-centric application that captures interactions between a health care provider and a patient; an app that tracks public transportation arrival times; an information portal that supports communication and collaboration between citizens and the government; and a crowd sourcing app that helps citizens connect to help each other solve community based problems together.

“This groundswell of ideas from the Appathon is a hallmark of Microsoft CityNext, which broadens the city innovation conversation beyond infrastructure alone, centering on helping cities unlock their most important resource—the potential of their people,” said Stefan Sjöström, Vice President of Asia Public Sector at Microsoft.

Winners of CityApp Kathmandu 2014 will work with the Microsoft Innovation Center in Nepal to incubate and further develop their ideas. They will get an opportunity to showcase their apps to city and government officials at the World Cities Summit in Singapore on 1-4 June 2014.

More information about Microsoft CityNext is available here.

Press Release: CITYNET and Microsoft Collaborate on CityApp 2014

CityApp Kathmandu 2014: Innovative Solutions for Cities
CITYNET and Microsoft collaborate to create technology-based solutions to urban challenges

SEOUL – February 24, 2014 – CITYNET, in partnership with Microsoft, is harnessing the power of innovation to develop technological solutions to urban challenges in the Kathmandu Valley. The CityApp Kathmandu project brings together government officials, developers, and citizens to conceptualize, build and implement innovative mobile and web applications to promote a healthier, safer, more sustainable environment to live in.

In late 2013, CITYNET and Microsoft signed a Memorandum of Understanding that laid the foundation for future collaborative projects in urban development. CityApp Kathmandu 2014 is the first fruit of this partnership, and connects Microsoft’s global experience, innovative tools, and resources with the CITYNET network.

“CityApp Kathmandu is a true depiction of Microsoft’s people-centric approach in collaborating with cities. Every city in Asia must recognize the power of apps to drive positive change—especially when those apps are created by the city’s people. That is why we are very thankful for the city officials of Kathmandu and Lalitpur to be part of this journey to empower and unleash the creativity of the people of Nepal,” said Stefan Sjöström, Vice President of Asia Public Sector at Microsoft.

In coordination with Kathmandu and Lalitpur city officials, and partner organizations in Nepal, CityApp will identify the most pressing urban challenges confronting the Kathmandu valley region. From March 13-15, 2014, local Kathmandu computer programmers, developers and technology experts will build web or mobile applications in response to these challenges. After a period of incubation, the applications will be available for use in Kathmandu and Lalitpur and for consumption by other cities in the CITYNET network.

Vijay Jagannathan, the Secretary General of CITYNET commented, “Internet and mobile phones are becoming increasingly important tools for cities and governments across Asia. This pilot project enables Kathmandu to access the knowledge and skills of its own citizens, and advance the CITYNET mission of empowering cities at a local level.”

Based upon the success of this event, further CityApp pilot projects may be launched in other cities in late 2014. For information and registration, visit http://www.micnepal.org/EventsActivities/CityApp.aspx.

CITYNET, with 130 member cities and organizations, is the largest network of urban stakeholders in Asia. Headquartered in Seoul, CITYNET connects local governments, civil society, and the private sector to exchange knowledge and best practices aimed at building people-centered, sustainable, and resilient cities across the Asia-Pacific.

About Microsoft:
Founded in 1975, Microsoft (Nasdaq “MSFT”) is the worldwide leader in software, services and solutions that help people and businesses realize their full potential.


Brenna Foster
Partner Development Officer
+82 2 723 0635

Jennifer Chen
Regional Marketing – Public Sector
+65 6888 8228
+65 9369 1839

CITYNET In the News


The Himalayan Times
February 10, 2014: Apps for a better Kathmandu

Guthi Blog
February 9, 2014: Apps for a better Kathmandu

February 9, 2014: Solutions for Cities program to be launched from Kathmandu

Annapurna Post (Nepali)
February 5, 2014: Kathmandu Government Information Available on Mobile

Gorkhapatra Online (Nepali)
February 5, 2014: Doctor’s Information Available on Mobile

Philippine Information Agency
January 10, 2014: Makati Hosts CityNet, Seoul Sanitation and Water Training

December 16, 2013: Disaster Management Key to Sustainable Cities: Microsoft and CityNet

UN-Habitat News
November 5, 2013: Delegates Converge in Seoul for CITYNET Congress

Microsoft in Government
November 4, 2013: Technology is a catalyst for building innovative and people-centred cities across Asia

The Korea Herald
November 4, 2013: Asia-Pacific cities look to sustainable development

The Korea Herald
August 2, 2013: Seoul Center eyes Asian city community